PEN 1Universally respected, feared and especially misunderstood, the pentagram is a very ancient symbol of harmony, health and mystical powers and still considered to be one of the most potent. A common and unfortunate misconception, especially more recently, is that the pentagram has an inherently negative or offensive meaning, representing evil, especially being portrayed by the popular media in association with ‘black magic’.

The Pentagram, an astro-alchemical hieroglyph, is a geometric, five-pointed star with interwoven bars that can appear either isolated or within a circle, usually with one point uppermost, imbued with many esoteric qualities. Some commonly used alternative names for the pentagram include pentacle, pentangle, and pentalpha. It is believed to have originated over 5,000 years ago in Mesopotamia, as a graphic description of the astronomical movements observed in the conjunctions between the planet Venus and the Sun. Representing Venus, the pentagram is also known as the morning star.

Passing through Sumerian and then Egyptian cultures the pentagram is argued as being the original device central to the Seal of Solomon as well as serving as the ancient seal of Jerusalem for 150 years.

Many interpretations exist for the meaning of this mystical star, reaching across many cultures, religions and ages, mostly being of a positive or ‘good’ nature. Pythagorean mystics in ancient Greece interpreted the symbol as being the sum of the numbers two, (representing feminine/terrestrial), and three, (representing masculine/celestial), making five, the microcosm of the human mind and spirit. From that time, the symbol increasingly took on greater occult and religious significance. The five points came to represent, for Christians, the protective power of the Five Wounds of Christ; for alchemists and Gnostics, the five elements of spirit, air, fire, water, and earth; for medieval sorcerers and magicians, the force of Solomon over nature and the spirit world.

The upright pentagram, as the human microcosm.


Like the circle, the ‘endless’ attribute of the pentagram represents perfection, continuity and eternity, with the power of binding evil forces and elements and therefore denoting good luck. As illustrated by Leonardo, the symbol is an allegory of the outstretched figure, the microcosm of man reflecting his integral personality and potential perfection.

Talismans and amulets were frequently created using the pentacle as their focal point, often with the addition of Latin or Cabalistic Hebrew characters and within a protective circle. These could be drawn on virgin calfskin or chalked onto doors and floors, or fashioned from metals, ivory, etc as rings and amulets and inscribed in wood, rock or bone.

As with other emotively meaningful symbols, the pentacle’s inversion is usually, though not exclusively, used to mean the ‘Goat’s foot’, or Devil’s Goat, representing Satan, and the ‘black hand’ in medieval magic.


Devil’s Goat


The great sage and adept, known by many generations of mortals as The Alchemist, studies in silent piety. He toils ceaselessly for years in the sanity of his cloistral solitude in his devout resolve to decipher the wisdom of the ancients and to unlock the greatest of the unrealised secrets.

And from the unedifying darkness of this mortal earth, there appeared at last a bright star illuminating the way. They knew him to be a great leader of souls and wanted him to share in their knowledge and sapience, and they bathed him in the Light of Chaldea.

By around 3,500 B.C. near the city of Uruk, an ancient, unknown, highly developed and sophisticated tribe from Mesopotamia had established many astonishing observations and theories in respect of the powers of the stars and the heavens. This tribe, who would later be known as the Chaldeans, were ultimately to become the most learned and respectful seet of the Quabbalists, and the fathers of astronomy and astrology.

AST.51 Light of Chaldea (Stash Tin)


JDS 1CB1 John Dee's Seal Crystal Ball

Called the Sigilum Aemeth, the bone reson seal beneath the
great 110mm dia. crystal, is a copy of that which John Dee, personal astrologer and geomancer to Queen Elizabeth I, was instructed to make in 1582 by the angel Michael.

The crystal ball was then supported over the seal during scrying. The magnificent antiqued pewter dragon scrying stand, is decorated with Austrian crystal jewels.


John Dee and Edward Kelley developed a language, supposedly dictated by angels during their scrying sessions. Named after Enoch, the Biblical figure who 'walked with God', the Enochian system is said to be the tongue of the angels, and capable of controlling them. It has become the basis of many occult rituals and activities.

Below is Dees Seal the Sigilum Aemeth (The Seal of God; TRUTH)

For many years Dee attempted to contact angels and learn what he could not find in his scientific studies (he had been arrested for studying mathematics which was considered to be a dark magic). Dee recorded the results of his scrying,

'John Dee, I am Raphael, one of the blessed and elect Angels of the Almighty; and at his will and his good pleasure, he hath commanded me to appear here at this time, to set forth the will and pleasure of the Almighty God. So if thou wilt do as God shall command thee by this message, thou shalt have all these messages, promises and wisdom, both for the Philosopher's Stone, the book of St Dunstan, the secret wisdom of that Jewel that was delivered, as thou knowest, in what manner it is plainly known unto thee.'
From John Dee's journal of angel experiments, 10-11 July 1587


John Dee 1527-1609



Dees obsession was however never to be entirely satisfied. The angels had not yet delivered the final key to the Enochian language, but in April 1587 they made a disturbing demand. Kelley told Dee they were required to swap wives, a sin that would damn both their souls to hell. Remembering Abraham sacrificing his son for God, Dee agreed. His wife Jane, who despised Kelley, was unhappy with the idea, and even more so when she became pregnant. Wife-swapping also changed the relationship of the men, and in 1589 they finally parted company when Dee and his family returned to England.


The Dark Fool was more commonly recognised as a court jester; the idiot and the entertainer of the mediaeval, royal or baronial halls and castles.

In the Middle Ages, the fool was, paradoxically, the most privileged and most clever of all the members of the Royal court. His entitlement to go anywhere unchallenged and unheeded, and behave however he wished without question, gave him enormous insight, power and influence. Contrary to his half-witted appearance, there was nothing about which the fool did not know or understand.

The Dark Fool is the observer and the conclusion of everything. He is, as the Major Arcana of the Tarot observes, fate itself.

P338 Bindrune Hammer

Alchemy's Bindrune Hammer pendant, the head of which is chased with three powerful bind-runes.


The three bind-runes cut into the head of this hammer are:

Made up of: FEOH for wealth and energy and UR for power and courage.
Made up of: TYR for war, justice and male sexuality and PEURTH for chance, skill and sexual pleasure.
Made up of: SIGEL for victory over darkness THORN for aggressive energy and KEN for creativity and illumination

The runes cannot be separated from the mythology of the people who created them. The hammer was the sign of Thor, the god of weather and Vikings wore silver hammers for strength.

Some Runic descriptions:

Cattle: a measure of movable wealth; money; energy and hard work that leads to wealth; emotional and spiritual riches, The rune of Prey, the god of fertility and richness.
Auroch (bull): physical strength, endurance, courage; the raw, wild power of freedom; emotional and spiritual strength; male sexual potency; good health; a possible challenge leading to a major life change.
The ford of God: controlled, creative, and divine power; spiritual prophecy and revelation; wisdom, knowledge, reason, and communication; instruction and advice; a possible test.
Thorn: energy, used for good or for chaos; the forces of the unconscious, anger and lust; a weapon for harm or protection; a spell of luck, or luck running out.
Wheel: the wheel of life; travel or movement; direction, planning, foresight, determination, and fortitude; a journey of life or spirituality; communication; wise counsel.
Hearth-Fire: light, vision and warmth: natural, robust good health; sheds light and dispels ignorance; spiritual illumination; suggests the way forward; light and action create new ideas.
Gift: A gift binds together a giver and a receiver and requires reciprocation; partnership or union, in business or in love; bonding and mutual support and affection.
Reward: a feeling of goodness, joy and satisfaction; total harmony with life; passive achievement; cooperation and companionship with others; intimate closeness to the creator.
Storm: elemental disruption; linked with other runes, it can suggest changing direction, limitation, interruption, delay; possible hardship, suffering, injury or illness.
Adversity: being in need and hardship; perseverance, endurance, inner strength; experience and learning of patience; warns against taking a risky decisions. Has a delaying influence on other runes.
Ice: beautiful and dangerous; slippery or brittle; caution for a delay; cools a confrontation; protection; cooling of emotional affection; has a freezing, delaying or preserving influence on other runes.
Yew Tree: evergreen; linked with death; regeneration and reincarnation; continuity, endurance; strength, flexibility and long-life; contains protective magic.
Gaming Dice: chance and skill, making the best of your fate; disclosure of spiritual secrets; enjoyment of sexuality; wise judgement and moderation needed in applying this reading.
Elk Antlers: a favourable rune; powerful protection; reaching up to the divine; success through endeavour in ambition and perseverance.
Victory: a positive force from the natural power of the sun; clear vision; victory of light over darkness, good over evil.
Tyr, the Norse God: the god of justice and war, fair law and regulation; success through sacrifice; controlling chaotic forces; determination and male sexuality.
Regeneration: renewal, purification, healing and recovery; the family and the home; enjoyment in sexual relations; success in fertility and birth, either physically or symbolically and in ideas.
Horse: a sacred animal; speed, strength, and beauty; a vehicle for material and spiritual advancement; controlled change and progress; a possible journey; partnership, trust, loyalty, and faithfulness;
Man (species); shared human nature within each individual, from life into death; creativity, intelligence, forward planning, and speech; cooperation between individuals for the benefit of the common good.
Water: the life force and a constant danger; the journey through life containing risks; fluidity, mutability, and a lack of control; the sensual madness of sexuality, the unconscious, intuition, and psychic abilities.
Completion: fertility god; the certainty of a conclusion; the male orgasmic force, or birth; wholesome sexuality; a strong, affectionate family, and a safe, secure hearth and home; protection; spiritual aspiration.
Day: light and life. the new light of dawn, and the strength of the sun at midday and midsummer; the divine light; brightness, growth, progress, development, and sometimes fundamental change.
The Ancestral Home: property, fixed wealth or inheritance; inherited family characteristics; a united family's strength; your lifetime's accumulation; your spiritual home.

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